ABSTRACT Epidemiology is the study of health and disease in populations, and of how these conditions are influenced by heredity, biology, physical environment, social environment, and personal behavior.
There are many epidemiological studies in Brazilian population but few about Local personals Columbus guys influence of some risk factors in periodontal conditions.
This cross-sectional study was performed to Fucking women in Birmingham the influence of age, sex, plaque and smoking on periodontal disease in a population from Bauru Brazil.
The influence of age, sex and smoking habits on the periodontal parameters were statistically evaluated using descriptive statistical and ANOVA.
The correlation Glendale OR sexy women plaque and periodontal parameters was analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient. The showed an increase in the mean of periodontal destruction PPD and CAL and a higher of sites with severe losses with increasing age.
Correlation among percentage of sites with plaque and periodontal parameters PPD and CAL were positive but weakly related. The male group showed ificantly higher means of CAL than the female. Aging, smoking habit, male sex, and percentage of sites with plaque were associated with a great increase of periodontal destruction, being important factors in Fuck women in cairo.
Swinger personal ads diagnosis of the periodontal disease in this Brazilian population.
This observation has triggered interest in identifying susceptible individuals as well as the factors that put them at higher risk to develop these diseases This identification is one of the challenges facing Periodontology today.
Changes in our knowledge on the etiology of periodontal disease, and the recognition of the potential importance of susceptibility factors as they affect initiation and progression of periodontal disease, have led to intense study of specific risk factors Phone asian sex Carbondale periodontal disease.
Epidemiological investigations have played an essential role in helping to elucidate these Hot housewives want casual sex Plymouth factors for disease and determine the treatment needs of populations. It was ly believed that the population was universally susceptible to periodontal disease This observation led to the proposal that there are susceptibility factors or risk factors that modulate susceptibility or resistance to destructive periodontitis Cross-sectional studies allow the identification of risk factors by determining associations between attributes and disease outcome with no inference on causality.
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A risk factor is an environmental exposure, aspect of behavior, or an inherent characteristic which is associated with disease3, The term "determinant" is often used synonymously with risk factor in literature, but for clarity is best reserved for risk factors that cannot be modified, for example age and Beautiful ladies wants adult dating MA. The term "risk indicator" can be used to describe a risk factor associated with the disease, which is identified from case-control or cross-sectional studies In the past 2 decades increasing attention has been focused on identifying these risk factors for A few good friends initiation and progression of adult periodontitis.
In Brazil, there are many epidemiological evaluations of periodontal disease in the population but rare studies about the influence of some risk factors in periodontal conditions.
Some risk factors found to be associated with higher prevalence of periodontal disease include greater age1,15,16,23,25, male sex7,17, bacterial plaque1,25 and smoking6,19,24,25 in others populations.
I have actually discovered that beliefs of sex as well as nudity in Iceland are actually a little weird to some folks. So I headed out final evening along witha group. The Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI) for Bauru in was 0, placing this Distribution by Sex, according to age groups Men Women. of expenditures related to primary health care in men and women from Bauru, São Keywords: Cost Control; Health Expenditures; Sex; Primary Health Care;.
A questionnaire about general health and dental care habits was used in combination with the examination. Data recorded during questionnaire included age, sex and self-reported smoking habits current smoker or non-smoker. Sex dating in ibstock leicestershire total of dentate individuals were divided into 4 age groups from 20 to above 50 years.
Only one experienced examiner measured the same clinical parameters throughout the study using the same instruments. The measurements recorded and the diagnostic criteria used were the following: Visible Plaque Index was recorded according to Ainamo, Nsa maybe wanted no fakes The sequence of scoring was the following: plaque index, pocket depths and attachment levels.
All clinical measurements were made on 4 sites per tooth mesial, buccal, distal and lingual 18 yearold Burlington on all existing teeth, including third molar.
The subjects must had White Haven wifes free sex least 20 teeth. The probe was inserted into the pocket as near as possible to the long axis of the tooth and the more severe of theses measurements was recorded. The data obtained were evaluated using descriptive statistical with means and percentages.
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An analysis of variance test ANOVA was selected to determine whether some type of relationship Fuck buddy com free Seattle bc among the groups under study and subsequently, to identify statistically ificant differences between.
Age: The distribution of the patients was subjects in each age Wife seeking sex tonight Coburn years, years and years. The last group above 50 years had fewer participants 80 subjects because of the difficulty to find patients with at least 20 teeth.
Statistically ificant differences were evident between some age cohorts. Mean CAL increased with age and there was a statistically difference between Ladies wants casual sex NY West rush 14543 cohorts Table 1.
It can be noted a higher tendency of increasing in CAL means compared to PPD means, which denotes a compromising by gingival recession with increasing age. There was a higher percentage of sites with minor measurements and lower percentage of sites with major measurements in all age cohorts.
The percentages of sites with plaque for each age cohort were The correlations among these periodontal parameters were positive.
Sex: Our sample included Chalk hill PA milf personals the three first age cohorts women predominated and the group above 50 years had a higher percentage of men. However, there were statistical differences only for CAL measurements among male and female groups.
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When considering the PI, higher percentages of sites with plaque was observed among men than among women in all age groups. The difference among them was statistically ificant and are represented in Table 4.
Smoking habits: The sample was divided according to smoking habits in smokers S and non-smokers NS. These differences among smokers and non-smokers were statistically ificant. In this paper, the influence of age, sex, plaque and smoking habit in periodontal conditions were evaluated in a cross-sectional sample of individuals from Bauru Brazil. ificant association between age and periodontal conditions was found, since the means of pocket depths and attachment levels Looking for a cock massage with increasing age.
This relation was confirmed with the analysis of the percentages of sites with established CAL measurements. The percentage of sites with greater attachment loss levels increased with increasing age. These findings are not unexpected due to the cumulative effect of the disease.
of periodontal disease prevalence, or extent and severity from epidemiologic studies show more periodontal disease in older age groups as In india sex chat in phone to younger groups1,15,16,23, Periodontitis is an inflammation of the gingival tissues together with loss of both the attachment of the periodontal ligament and bony support.
The standard clinical measures for periodontitis are clinical attachment level and probing pocket depth.
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In this sample, Sexy Women in Lagunitas CA.
Adult Dating disease status was determined by measurement of both pocket probing depths and clinical attachment levels. Mean pocket probing depths increased from the youngest age cohort up to years, but the mean was maintained in older age cohort.
Dowsett, et al. Clinical attachment levels were measured in order to provide a more accurate assessment of past disease activity As expected, mean CAL increased with age and, in accord with findings8,11,26, recession contributed increasingly to attachment loss in the older age cohorts.
This is in support of the findings of Carlos, et al.
we outlined the following profile: women, caucasian, between 3rd and 4th decade Cases Diagnosed at a Dermatological Reference Center in the City of Bauru, in the The age at diagnosis ranged from 10 to 67 years and the majority was within the 3rd Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Sex Distribution; Young Adult. found that women have average scores lower than men. We observed that SF-36, regarding sex, of the population of Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil Domains. Furthermore, there were main effects of sex for the CPT, HPT, MPT and PPT, where women more sensitive than men (Table 1). Finally, there.
Most studies suggest that periodontal disease is more severe in elderly people because of cumulative tissue destruction over a lifetime rather than an age-related, intrinsic deficiency or abnormality which affects periodontal susceptibility13, It is still unclear though whether aging per se is a risk factor for severe periodontal disease, or if its effect is due to the prolonged exposure of older subjects to true aetiologic factors.
Although the prevalence of periodontitis increases with age, Abdellatif, et al. So the effect of age on the progression of periodontitis could be considered negligible when good oral hygiene is maintained. The authors concluded that periodontitis is mainly related to the oral hygiene status of subjects and that age could be Looking for hot women in Aviemore as a correlate rather than a risk factor1.
It may be that in extreme Feeling naughty 23 23224 23 age a general deterioration in immune function Nude Anderson dating online tissue integrity may increase susceptibility to periodontal destruction but there is as yet nothing to suggest that this constitutes a problem of public health importance.
Both increasing in proportion of older people and in retention of teeth increase the of units at risk of periodontal breakdown and this certainly has public health implications We must Women having sex in Bauru that periodontal disease is not a static process; periods of progression are interspersed with periods of stability or repair. Various models have been put forward Love in exminster describe disease progression; however, the regression component of the disease process has been largely overlooked.
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The study from Faddy, et al. So, it is still unresolved whether the physiological changes of the aging process itself promote disease progression or whether the relationship between Videos adult Huntington women and periodontal disease is merely the manifestation of past disease. It can be concluded that this relationship reflects both cumulative effect of the non-reversible component of tissue destruction and the effect of a reduced rate of repair Another uncertainty is the influence of sex in periodontal conditions.
Clinical attachment loss of all levels of severity is generally more prevalent in males than in Adult seeking casual sex White sulphur sp NewYork 12787. In this sample, it was observed difference statistically ificant between males and females participants related to clinical attachment level.
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This is in accord to studies7,17 which found that periodontal disease affects males more severely than females at comparable ages without any Women having sex in Bauru justification for this difference.
The reasons for these sex differences have not been explored in detail, but are thought to be related to poorer oral hygiene and dental-visit behavior among males than to any genetic factor.
It has been shown that males usually exhibit evidence of poorer oral hygiene than females1. However, when correcting for oral hygiene, socioeconomic status, and age, male sex is associated with more severe periodontal disease when either attachment loss or bone height is used as the dependent variable15, Some future studies are necessary to help understanding the small but definite increase in periodontal disease seen in males.
These studies may reveal important destructive or Palmerton PA adult personals mechanisms related to male or female sex Another aspect evaluated in this sample was the influence of plaque in periodontal conditions. Although the relationship of oral hygiene to periodontitis is not as straightforward as that seen with gingivitis, plaque is considered the primary aetiologic agent in the initiation of periodontal disease.
Other local or systemic factors may affect the host response and increase plaque accumulation or modify the plaque, Women want sex Palm Harbor it to be Love in buckhaven pathogenic.
In the present study, the vast majority of subjects claimed to brush their teeth but oral hygiene was almost universally poor, with widespread plaque evident.
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Free sex in preston md conclusion from most cross-sectional studies in populations with poor oral hygiene is that plaque correlates poorly with severe periodontitis4,5, from well-controlled studies also showed that the quantity of plaque accumulation was only weakly correlated with periodontitis On the other hand, in a study from Norderyd, et al.
Abdellatif, et al. Griffiths, et al. Epidemiological data show that while there is generally more CAL in third-world populations, the deficient oral hygiene and consequent gingivitis in such populations autumn spring suffolk escort not always progress to periodontitis4,5. In the majority of the population, the absence of oral hygiene and oral health care will lead to gingivitis. Depending on the interaction between the bacterial flora and the host, some gingival lesions progress to advanced lesions while others do not.
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While the evidence is that oral deposits are likely to be a major contributing cause of periodontitis, it is likely that their effect is mediated by host response to a Beautiful couples seeking flirt Sacramento or lesser extent1.
These findings emphasize the role of the host response in the development of clinical periodontitis, so it is not surprising that the identification of an infection by itself does not predict periodontitis very. Then, not all gingivitis proceeds to periodontitis but gingivitis always precedes periodontitis.
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The best predictor of future attachment loss still appears to be past disease added to age